Several specific types of bacteria that live on the teeth cause tooth decay. When sugar is consumed, the bacteria use the sugar and then manufacture acids that dissolve the teeth and cause an infection in the tooth. This infection is the cause of decay (caries.)
What is “early childhood” or “baby-bottle” decay? Baby bottle decay or ECC (early childhood caries) infant tooth decay results when babies fall asleep with breast milk, milk, or formula and juice from a bottle on their teeth. Babies are not able to clear the pooling liquid from their mouths. Because the sugar in formula, milk or juice stays in contact with the teeth for an extended period of time, while infants sleep the teeth can decay quickly.
Tips to avoid ECC (early childhood caries) or baby-bottle tooth decay:
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